Madoka’s Magical Realism

If anything in the universe lends itself to broad, shamanic principles, it is surely entropy. Broken glass, spilled milk, and toppled stacks of books are all examples of that universal principle we are familiar with. At times, it almost seems intelligent, malicious, seeking to thwart our intentions and pervert our efforts to bring order to our lives.

The fundamental laws of thermodynamics, which govern entropy, have been stated as:

1. You can’t get ahead.
2. You can’t break even.
3. You cannot refuse to play.

Mahou Shoujo Madoka Magica examines these laws not from a literal standpoint, but from a philosophical standpoint. It is not the first anime to do so – Full Metal Alchemist centered almost entirely on the point of “Equivalent Exchange,” a principle that comes pretty close to the first law of thermodynamics: to receive something, you must give up something of equal value.

The primary difference between Madoka and its intellectual predecessor is the degree of adherence to Law Two: in Alchemist, you can get some pretty good trades as well as some pretty bad ones. In Madoka, it’s all downhill, with magical girls ultimately sliding down a slippery slope of magic dependency into outright insanity.

Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;
Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,
The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere
The ceremony of innocence is drowned;
The best lack all conviction, while the worst
Are full of passionate intensity.

– W. B. Yeats, “The Second Coming”


In this context, what exactly is Kyuubey? He is the vengeance of entropy, the denial of hope, the cold and cruel insistence that you cannot get something for nothing, and that the house always takes a cut. With Kyuubey you can never truly get what you wish for just by asking for it, for the act of obtaining your wish in such a fashion changes the situation.  Furthermore, what you get never quite equals what you give up: it always falls short, usually in some terrible way.

Uncle Kyuubey wants you!
Uncle Kyuubey wants you!

It has been variously said that Kyuubey’s explanations of magical energy and entropy border on the laughable, and perhaps that’s right. But ultimately Kyuubey and what he represents should be considered in terms of a philosophical argument, not an accurate, one-to-one correspondence with reality and proper physics. If we ignore this level of consideration to focus on the literal, then Mahou Shoujo Madoka Magica is only the story of a mailed fist punching a defenseless face in the nose, ad nauseam, over the course of a dozen episodes. Including it, we see a marvelous juxtaposition: the futility perceived in adulthood when compared with the unbounded expectations of childhood, is philosophically similar to the ultimate thermodynamic futility of all chemical and physical processes, life included.  Water runs downhill, and does not flow back up.  People become corrupt, and do not regain their innocence.  Everyone dies, in the end.

But there are miracles.

Ultimately Madoka, for all of its bleak and nihilistic scenes, cannot help but be a magical girl show.  Even at its worst, it is still in many respects cheerier than the reality the human race lives in. Thermodynamics really does state that we and the world are on a one-way trip to oblivion, and anything we do only hastens the process.  While the stories of the girls in the show are sad, examples abound of people whose daily lives are more depressing than those in the show.

The truly depressing thing about Madoka isn’t that its fictional characters are subject to horror, death and worse.  It’s that every bad thing in Madoka is actually a censored version of what really happens on our planet.

Author: moritheil

One might be forgiven for thinking that Moritheil is a postmodern literary critic who started reviewing video games in 2001, and spent the early 2000s learning at the right hand of con staff and fansubbers. However, those rumors are spurious: Moritheil is actually a distant relative of Genghis Khan who stands poised to conquer the world via the Internet. Follow along at

6 thoughts on “Madoka’s Magical Realism

  1. At the risk of getting NOTHING else done this morning I clicked the link on twitter to read this post. I don’t regret doing so. Good read.

  2. I never thought of entropy in Madoka as a philosophical concept before =O That’s a nice approach.

    “the futility perceived in adulthood when compared with the unbounded expectations of childhood, ”
    I’m facing that now. College is NOT the promised land I thought it would be in highschool, and when it ends it’s just plain old boring work. There’s no time you really get to enjoy life…

    That aside, the universe won’t come to an end for a longggggg time (some theories even say when the universe is at the limit of its expansion it’ll bounce back into a singularity before expanding again (the Big Bounce)). Physicists will have to find a way for us to move into a new universe that isn’t on the brink of death before that happens (there are theoretically an infinite amount of universes, though only a few that are suitable for life).

    Anyways good article! ^-^

    /人 ◕ ‿‿ ◕ 人\ CONTRACT! NOW! /人 ◕ ‿‿ ◕ 人\

  3. This is a good read. Quite a good explanation of Kyuubey’s entropy from a philosophical standpoint.

  4. Great article. I enjoyed reading it. Uncle Kyuubey made me laugh!

    I didn’t quite understand entropy. I flunked mid term in Physics class. The latest episode of Fractale also touched on entropy, Phryne was talking about that, prevent Fractale system from collapsing. Now, I may be starting to grasp the concept after reading your article.

    Entropy also applies to human behavior then. People corrupt. Reminds me of few people like Duke Cunningham, Eliot Spitzer.

    I didn’t know Yeat’s Second Coming was about Second Law of entropy. We work too hard, but accomplish too little. Much trabajo, poco dinero. That has led to violent bloody revolutions, creating monsters like Stalin, Mao, Castro.

    Futile and absurd, that’s 3-D. Physical world is impermanent. Everything collapses in the end. The dust in the wind by Kansas. Also the opening part from Heike-monogatari reads, “people in their prime eventually fall, like the dust in the wind.” Tragedy is too 3-D. Too real. So, I go to 2-D.

    Yeah, 等価交換(touka-koukan). I remember that! I didn’t know that was also entropy.

  5. @ghostlightning – Haha, sorry to threaten your productivity. I’m glad you liked it.

    @Anya – Indeed. It’s still the subject of considerable speculation, with “move to an alternate universe” as one suggestion I’ve seen. Another is “move everyone into a giant simulation of the universe, which can speed up time arbitrarily . . . ”

    @Kuro – Thanks! I am glad you found it enjoyable. I think it’s important to draw that distinction between the philosophical and the technical aspects of entropy.

    @MonsieurLaMoe – Technically 等価交換 is conceptually about thermodynamics, which includes entropy. But if you could get something for nothing, entropy wouldn’t be very meaningful: you could go around it.

    1. I see. It’s thermodynamics. Got mixed up. No wonder I failed Physics exam. 🙁

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