Another dialogue, this time about the issues raised by Eve no Jikan. As you can see this is going to become a regular series.
Mike: I have a question. Why would people create androids that had the potential for intelligence in the first place, when it’s clear they are so uncomfortable with it? You have to purposefully design a robot or android to have human-like intelligence. Couldn’t they have just made robots who could never turn their halo off and would never question their masters?
Ray: I think you found a plot hole more than anything. Unless somebody decided that the halo was the restraining device, but somehow somebody hacked it. But in any case, I certainly never thought about that.
Mike: I think this actually raises very interesting philosophical and theological issues too. Can you create a creature with free will? That seems to be a key idea that’s being kicked around, especially in episode 2. The main guy is clearly very disturbed by the idea that Sammy might have free will. Yet, they had created an android that was otherwise very human in every other way. It’s like they want to be stuck in the uncanny valley. Do we give these creepy androids rights?
Ray: Again, unfortunately I didn’t think about much of that. The only reason I can think of is a plot hole. In the attempt to make this philosophical, they forget about the fact that this whole thing can be easily solved with a hardwired mechanism or even just an administration rights change. I certainly think making them human-like is very useful, but could it be that they thought these androids would not develop their own free will? But really, what rights does anyone have except for something regulated? Unless it’s built-in that people have rights?
The thing is, though, those androids sure do seem to be getting more and more human by the minute. They go to a bar to at least for a day erase the distinction between android and human, and I think appearance counts for a lot especially in our emotional reaction to it. Like if it walks, talks, and thinks like a duck, is it a duck?
Anyways, what impresses you overall about the two episodes that have aired so far?
Ray: Well, the animation for one, is clear, gorgeous and has a very nice atmosphere. In addition, the seiyuu cast is fantastic, with Tanaka Rie, Yukana, Sugita Tomokazu (he’s not funny again!) and the rest. Rie reprises her role as robotic creatures with a mind, but Sugita Tomokazu really surprises me with his dry, unfunny reactions, which ironically, can be funny.
I think I’m somewhat impressed by the concept but as a Star Trek: the Next Generation fan, it’s nothing new.
Ray: Data argues his case as a being with rights, rather than a device that can be replicated by anyone in charge. Thus, does Sammy, the little girl played by Yukana, and the guy played by Sugita Tomokazu, have rights to shut their “restrainst” off? In the first place, who decided to open a cafe like this, a human, or an android?
Mike: I think so. The writers behind this definitely have a good sci-fi sense, much more so than most anime writers. Like it’s clear that they thought a lot of these questions through. They’re clearly influenced of course by Isaac Asimov, with his Three Laws of Robotics.
1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
2. A robot must obey orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
Ray: My question is now this: Sammy is trying to make better coffee and I guess being a better android servant. Why? to help preserve itself in a human’s family? that it will not be discarded for making itself useless?
Mike: Yes. I take it Rikuo is going to go through a journey where he learns to accept his more independent android servant. Notice how his sister displays far more casual contempt than he does, so she probably won’t have that issue. He’s stuck–especially after visiting the cafe–somewhere in between.
Do you sometimes feel the episodes could be longer? Or do you think they are just right at around fifteen minutes?
Ray: I think everything is tight enough and I don’t feel hurried. It’s interesting enough that I often sat back and feel amazed when the episode was over. I think everything is tight enough and I don’t feel hurried. It’s interesting enough that I often sat back and feel amazed when the episode was over.
Ray: Well, I’m just drawn to this by the great animation and the light atmosphere. It’s a warm and fuzzy intellectual exercise. I always forget the time. I think somebody figured out that that 15 minutes is where the average Otaku loses attention! XD
Mike: Heh, yeah. Plus, it’s never heavy or ponderous at all. In fact, it’s often quite funny, like the “cat girl” in episode 2. Most shows of this sort like to endlessly talk about it. With 15 minutes per episode, too, there’s time to polish every last detail and I think that shows in the visual quality, which is outstanding.
You talked about theology aspects, can you elaborate?
Mike: Hmm. Well, when human beings create other beings with free will, that kind of puts them in the position of being gods to the androids. They’re the creators, after all. That has a direct implication on android rights: in theory, any human has the perfect natural right to shut off an android for any or no reason.
But I think the similarity between the two makes this emotionally very difficult for the characters–and probably much of the audience–to accept. The gut reaction of many would be to say, well, aren’t they more like equals? Or something close to that? That seems to be the premise behind the cafe.
If androids are getting very human like, then at some point they will worship something or someone(s). Who? I’m reminded of the weird irony how in the new Battlestar Galactica: the humans worship the Greek pantheon, while the Cylons, created by humans, actually worship One True God and see eradicating humanity as their religious mission. Religious robots! Now that would be interesting.
Let’s not also forget the title, “The Time of Eve.” Eve in Genesis is called that because she is the “mother of all the living.” Is this a sly way of hinting that androids are the start of a brand new race?
Mike: Ah! Good question. Maybe she’s just the barista/bartender! I can easily see a conspiracy-like plot form around that, though I don’t think this kind of show wants to go in the X-Files type direction.
Ray: The possibilities are endless, but with the show’s atmosphere, I don’t think much would evolve. They can always make it “the boy meets Chi.” I mean, Sugita Tomokazu and Tanaka Rie (Hideki and Chii) are both in this show. But that would be such a shame!
Mike: Actually, don’t you find it interesting that the introductory words go like “The future. Japan, probably.” Why “probably”? I guess it’s a way of saying that this sort of thing would probably happen in Japan first before heading out to the rest of the world? So Japan will lead the way in android acceptance?
Ray: Well, they’re trying to make female robots that look like women and talk with a woman’s voice. But so far they look creepy to me. The uncanny valley there is freakish at best. It may also be a social statement that, yeah, Japan would be quite accepting to this idea.
Mike: Hah. Figures. This series is going to become relevant in due time. Personally I think this sort of thing would be much slower to catch on in America. I think people here would be a lot more creeped out initially by human-like robots.
In any event, what else did you think of the show?
But I don’t have too much else to add beyond that. It’s a very well-produced piece of actual speculative fiction, something we don’t see too much of in anime, and it deserves attention because of that.
Ray: I have to say it’s probably a little light to be Sci-Fi and in truth, doesn’t really challenge anyone to the face, but it’s a pleasant show to watch. With everything it’s doing right, I’m enthusiastically recommending this.